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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 12-16

Longer breastfeeding duration among gifted students in Saudi Arabia

1 Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Community Health Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Fouzia A Al Hreashy
Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, Al Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijas.ijas_10_17

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Background: Investigating the factors related to the development of intelligence may improve our understanding of human development. The long-term benefit of breastfeeding on children's intelligence has attracted a great deal of research attention; therefore, the aim of this study was to describe the pattern of breastfeeding among gifted students at the Mawhiba Foundation in Saudi Arabia. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted using the Mawhiba Foundation database of gifted students in Saudi Arabia. An electronic close-ended questionnaire was circulated to mothers of talented students in Grades 4 and 7 from different regions of Saudi Arabia. Sociodemographic data and the breastfeeding history of each talented student were collected. The main outcome measures were the categories of breastfeeding (breastfeeding, partial/mixed breastfeeding, and never breastfed) and duration of breastfeeding (6 months, 12 months, 18 months, and 2 years) and their association with demographic variables. Results: Of the 233 gifted students enrolled in the study, 214 (91%) were from populous areas in the Eastern, Makkah, and Riyadh regions of Saudi Arabia. The parents of most of these students were educated to the university level or higher (mothers, 192 [82.2%] and fathers, 158 [79.8%]), and almost half of the mothers were employed. The partial/mixed breastfeeding category was the most common observed in this population (171 [73%]). Almost half of the population (91 [41%]) had been breastfed for >1 year. The duration of breastfeeding and the mother's employment status had statistically significant relationships with the breastfeeding categories (P = 0.001 and 0.004, respectively). Conclusions: Partial/mixed breastfeeding is the most common category of breastfeeding, with a tendency toward prolonged breastfeeding among gifted students.

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